Alopecia Definition, Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

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Alopecia – Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


Juliet CohenAlopecia simply means hair loss (baldness). Alopecia areata is a form of hair loss from areas of the body, usually from the scalp. Alopecia areata affects both males and females. Alopecia areata does not make you feel pain and does not make you feel sick. In 12% of cases, the condition can spread to the entire scalp (Alopecia totalis) or to the entire epidermis (Alopecia universalis). Some people may lose more hair. Rarely, the disease causes total loss of hair on the head or complete loss of hair on the head, face, and body. Alopecia areata usually starts with one or more small, round, smooth bald patches on the scalp and can progress to total scalp hair loss (alopecia totalis) or complete body hair loss (alopecia universalis). Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease. Normally the immune system protects the body against infection and disease. In an autoimmune disease, the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks some part of your own body. In alopecia areata, the immune system attacks the hair follicles. On rare occasions, the person loses all of the hair on his or her head (alopecia areata totalis) or entire body (alopecia areata universalis). Alopecia is the medical term for baldness; there are various types of alopecia, including alopecia areata.Alopecia areata tends to occur most often in children and young adults. However, it can also affect older individuals. Alopecia can certainly be the cause of psychological stress. There are several different hypotheses as to what causes alopecia areata. Genetic factors seem to play an important role since there is a higher frequency of a family. Trichotillomania is the name of a mental disorder that causes a person to pull out his/her own hair. Alopecia areata often occurs in families whose members have had asthma, hay fever, atopic eczema, or other autoimmune diseases such as thyroid disease, early-onset diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus erythematosus, vitiligo, pernicious anemia, or Addison’s disease. Systemic diseases often affect hair growth either selectively or by altering the skin of the scalp. Hyperthyroidism (too much thyroid hormone) causes hair to become thin and fine. Hypothyroidism (too little thyroid hormone) thickens both hair and skin. Androgenetic alopecia in men has been associated with several other medical conditions including coronary heart disease and enlargement of the prostate, a walnut-sized gland in males that is located below the bladder. In women, androgenetic alopecia is associated with an increased risk of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is characterized by a hormonal imbalance that can lead to irregular menstruation, acne, excess body hair (hirsutism), and weight gain.There are several available treatments for Alopecia. Two relatively new drugsminoxidil (Rogaine) and finasteride (Proscar)promote hair growth in a significant minority of patents. UVB is generally used to treat skin conditions but is also used for people with severe hair loss.Steroid injections are commonly used in sites where there are small areas of hair loss on the head or especially where eyebrow hair has been lost. Anti-inflammatory drugs that are prescribed for autoimmune diseases. Corticosteroids can be given as an injection into the scalp or other areas, orally (as a pill), or applied topically (rubbed into the skin) as an ointment, cream, or foam. Hair transplantation is completed by taking tiny plugs of skin, each containing one to several hairs, from the back side of the scalp. Another surgical procedure used to treat androgenic alopecia is scalp reduction. Cortisone pills are sometimes given for extensive scalp hair loss. Cortisone taken internally is much stronger than local injections of cortisone into the skin. It is necessary to discuss possible side effects of cortisone pills with your physician. , there are various cosmetic and protective techniques that people with alopecia areata can try. Include is Using makeup to hide or minimize hair loss. Wearing sunglasses to protect the eyes from the sun and the environment. Wearing coverings (wigs, hats, or scarves) to protect the head from the elements

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Knowing How To Lose Belly Fat Is More Then Just Losing Weight

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By D Fraser

Losing stomach fat is more then just cutting calories and particular foods from our diets. What we have to understand is that how to lose belly fat is more about a lifestyle change then just a quick fix. The easiest way to overcome the diet urges is to start to learn how our bodies handle calories, fat, exercise and why we are overweight. Only then can we fully grasp why some things work and others don’t. For instance, did you know that by cutting the number of calories you eat each day you can actually cause your body to hold onto fat? Because our bodies feel like they’re being starved, they quickly go into survival mode, there by holding onto fat.

Diets aren’t everything

I know a lot of you that may have gone on diets before might dis-agree with me, but it’s not all about the diet when you’re attempting to lose weight. Diets in fact can contribute to the horrid yo-yo effect that so many dieters find themselves in.

Not enough people exercise while dieting to keep up their muscle mass. What does this do? Well when you lose weight while dieting you don’t only lose fat, but you also lose muscle. Obviously this has adverse effects to our bodies, so when we go back off the diet we gain weight back on, but we don’t gain muscle. This is a big problem for most dieters. This is why it’s important to maintain exercise and a consistent muscle mass, rather then allowing it to disappear.

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Maintain Muscles while Losing Belly Fat

While you’re dieting, or on any form of weight loss plan it’s key that you exercise along with it. Walking is good, jogging is even better, but be sure to get into some activities that also help build and keep muscle. Below we’ll explore some of these such activities you can do at home without having to get a gym membership or any expensive equipment.

Use the KISS principle for Exercising

You don’t need an expensive gym membership to keep your muscle mass. Activities like yoga and pilates give your body a good over all workout, and help build strength. We’re not talking about bulking up, but you should maintain a consistent work out schedule. Getting an at home pilates dvd or aerobic video you can do a few times a week is a good idea, couple that with walking or a jog every few days and you should be fine.

Weight Loss doesn’t happen over night

A lot of us feel pumped up about starting a new diet, usually because of the expectations we have that DIET A will bring us to point B which is small and skinny. How ever what it doesn’t tell you about how to lose belly fat is that there’s a good chance you could gain the weight back. Without a long term plan, and understanding of how our body works, and what it means to lose weight naturally we could be doomed to yo-yo forever.

Take a step in the right direction today, and learn what you can do to eat better, and properly. Create your own exercise routine you follow each day, and discover that you can feel better without fad diets, or gym memberships it just takes some commitment on your part.

About the Author: If you’re interested in learning more about natural ways to lose weight, and exercise programs that can be done from home or the gym visit our website

How to lose belly fat



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